Battery-powered version of F-Pace crossover is more likely to be produced by 2018 and should have a range of around 300 miles
3/9/15 5:50 am chumakdenis 1
Finally, luxurious automaker enters EV market and develops an electric drivetrain that will debut in a future variant of the upcoming Jaguar F-Pace SUV.
Jaguar is developing an electric drivetrain that will debut in a future variant of the upcoming Jaguar F-Pace SUV.
Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC (JLR) has experience with electric transmissions through its development of the cancelled CX-75 sports car project, which was engineered in conjunction with Williams Advanced Engineering in Oxfordshire. The two companies ongoing collaboration includes the building of the C-X75 supercars that will be used in the filming of the new James Bond movie, Spectre.
The C-X75 combined a twin-charged (supercharged and turbocharged) 1.6-litre four-cylinder delivering 502 hp at 10,000 rpm and mated to four electric motors with one at each axle.
There are two reasons for the move to a pure-electric powertrain, the most important of which is new Zero Emission Vehicle legislation introduced in California and adopted by another seven US states.
These laws demand that, between 2018 and 2025, the number of new ZEVs sold rises from 5% of all new cars to 15.4%.
Secondly, analysts expect rising demand for electric luxury vehicles as more global cities start to introduce ‘zero emission zones.
Tesla has also proved that there is a rising global market for an upmarket all-electric vehicle.
It seems there’s also a good chance that Range Rover will offer an all-electric SUV using the same technology as the Jaguar's. Last year Autocar revealed that Land Rover design boss Gerry McGovern was considering a new line of Range Rover models that could be incredibly luxurious and low-slung.
It’s thought that this potential new model could be based on the same basic aluminium architecture as that of the F-Pace, but with a greater emphasis placed on opulence in place of the F-Pace's focus on dynamic performance.
Building the electric vehicle across two brands will also help reduce per-unit costs and the pricing potential for a super-luxury electric vehicles.
The unexpected success of Tesla - an example of a very rare breakthrough into the automotive market from a start-up company - proved what trend spotters had suspected for some time.
It is the world’s most affluent consumers who are most enthusiastic about green technology. And considering the cost of building an electric car with a near-300 mile range, it is only the most affluent that can afford it.
Moreover, vehicles driven by electric motors are inherently smooth, refined and swift, which gives them a decisive advantage against conventional luxury cars that use internal combustion engines.
Tesla sold around 32,000 vehicles in 2014, with the biggest market being the US. That’s only a pinprick in the global car market, but the new legislation in the US should help change that and this niche market will expand as more mainstream makers get involved.
California has led the way on pollution reduction since the famous 1974 model-year smog regulations. One of the most important markets in the US, it had originally wanted around 4% of new cars by 2025 to be either Zero emission or Plug-in Hybrids.
The modest aim was dramatically upgraded so that, by 2025, some 15.4 per cent of new cars - or around 230,000 units in California - would be half ZEVs and half plug-in hybrids.
Such a demand would have been important enough to Jaguar Land Rover on its own. However, a total of eight US states (California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Oregan, Rhode Island and Vermont) signed up for the California proposals.
These are states on the east and western seaboards of the US and are among the most affluent. The combined efforts of the eight should see 3.3 million zero emission vehicles on the roads of the US in 10 years, especially as the states themselves are committed to massively expanding the charging network.
The rules and regulations around which carmakers have to build ZEVs are immensely complex, but as JLR sells more and more cars in the US, thanks to changes in the legislation, it is likely to be ranked as a arge volume manufacturer before the end of the decade. This means it will be required to sell ZEVs in California and the other seven supporting states.
Indeed, it seems that JLR might have to have a battery-powered car on offer for the 2108 model year. And the more ZEV models JLR sells, the more credits it can offset against the sale of conventionally engined models.
Investing in electric SUVs and Crossovers is not just for the future US market. China’s government is also pushing for more of what it calls "new energy electric vehicles", which, again, are only afforded by the richest drivers.
But,anyway,let's hope that within time vehicles with 300 miles + range could be afforded by ordinary customers.